The original Pantheon was built in 27 BC but was destroyed in a fire in 80. The present building was made in 126AD during the reign of the Emperor Hadrian. Pantheon in Latin/Greek means “to all the Gods”. It was originally built as a Roman temple. Since the 7th century it has been used as a Catholic Church. It’s the best preserved ancient Roman building with an original roof. In the roof is a hole (oculus). Oculus means eye in Latin language. The Oculus in the Pantheon has always been open to the weather. Rain is carried away through drains in the floor.
Location & opening hours
The Pantheon is in the historical center of Rome, less than 10 minutes walk from the Trevi Fountain. From metro stop ‘Piazza Barberini’ it’s 7 minutes walking to Trevi Fountain and about 15 minutes to the Pantheon. Piazza Navona is also nearby. Opening hours Pantheon: Monday to Saturday from 8.30 to 19.30, Sunday from 9.00 to 18.00. Admission is free.